2,000 years before Christ, in India and in Mesopotamia
An important feature of travel trade since the beginning of civilization. Loth The port is an important trading center between the Indus Valley Civilization and the Sumerian civilization.
600 BC and then
The earliest form of leisure tourism can be traced back as far as the Babylonian and Egyptian empires. The museum was open to the public in Babylon historic timepieces. The Egyptians held many religious festivals attract devout, and many who thronged to the towns to famous works of art and buildings.
In India, as elsewhere, the Kings path of empire building. The priests and the common people traveling for religious purposes. Thousands of brahmanas and the common people thronged Sarnath and Sravasti to accept the inscrutable smile of the Enlightened One Buddha.
500 BC, the Greek civilization
The Greek tourists traveled to sites of healing gods. The Greeks also enjoyed their religious festivals, which increasingly has become the pursuit of joy, and in particular sports. Athens has become an important site for travelers visiting the main attractions like the Parthenon. Inns were established in large cities and ports that travelers & # 39; needs. Courtesans were the main entertainment offered.
This era also saw the birth of travel writing. Herodotus was the world & # 39; first travel writer. Guidebooks also appeared in the fourth century, both in destinations such as Athens, Sparta and Troy. Ads, as the signs directing people to your recipients can be known at this time.
The Roman Empire
Because there between a foreign border for England and Syria, as well as a safe maritime piracy Roman patrols, favorable conditions for travel has arrived . First class roads coupled with staging inns (precursors of modern motels) promoted the growth of the trip. Romans traveled to Sicily, Greece, Rhodes, Troy and Egypt. 300 A trip to the Holy Land has become very popular. The Romans introduced guidebooks (Itinerario), listing hotels with symbols to identify quality.
Second homes were built near the wealth of Rome, inhabited mainly spring social group. The most fashionable resorts found around the Bay of Naples. Naples attracted retirees and intellectuals, Cumae attracted the fancy, while Baía has attracted the down market economy, more noted as the quarrels, drunkenness and all that night through singing.
Travel and tourism was never to reach a similar state until modern times.
During the Middle Ages
Tour has become difficult and dangerous as people traveling for business or from a sense of obligation.
Adventurers looking for fame and fortune through travel. The Europeans are trying to discover the sea route to India for commercial purposes and thus discovered America and explored parts of Africa. Walk to the players and minstrels performing live on the traveling. The missionaries, saints, etc. traveled to spread the holy word.
Leisure travel in India was introduced by the Mughals. The Mughal kings built luxurious palaces and enchanting gardens, places of natural and scenic beauty (such as Jehangir traveled to Kashmir pulled beauty.
building trip of the empire and a place of pilgrimage was a regular feature.
the Grand Tour
in the early seventeenth century, a new form of tourism has emerged as a direct result under the rule of the Renaissance. Elizabeth 1, young men seeking positions in court were encouraged to travel continent to finish their studies later, it became a habit to the education of a gentleman to be completed in the & # 39;. Grand Tour & # 39; accompanied by an instructor and for three or more years Although apparently the education, pleasure-seeking men traveled. to enjoy the life and culture of Paris, Venice or at the end of Florence. eighteenth century, had the custom became gentry. Gradually pleasure travel displaced educational travel. the advent of the Napoleonic wars inhibited travel for about 30 years and has led to a decline in the habit of Grand Tour.
The development of the baths
The spas has grown in popularity in the seventeenth century in Britain, and a little later on the European continent awareness of the therapeutic mineral properties increased. Taking a bath cures quickly gained the nature of a status symbol. The resort changed in character, as has been the motivation for pleasure visits. It became an important center of social life in high society.
In the nineteenth century, gradually replaced the seaside resort.
The sun, sand and sea resorts
The sea water has been linked to health benefits. The earliest visitors therefore drank and did not bathe in it. In the early eighteenth century, a small fishing resorts sprung up in England for visitors who drank and immersed themselves in sea water. Overcrowding domestic baths, new sea side resorts grew in popularity. The introduction of the 19th century steamship service has more resorts in the circuit. The seaside resort has gradually become a social meeting point
role in promoting the industrial revolution in travel Western
Due to rapid urbanization, industrialization led to mass migration to the cities. These people are lured travel to escape the environment in places of natural beauty, is often in the countryside, where they came from, a change in routine is a physically and mentally demanding tasks in the countryside with a leisurely pace.
highlights the journey of the nineteenth century
· advent of the railway initially catalysed business travel and leisure travel further. Gradually special chartered trains only leisure travel to their destinations.
· Package tours organized by entrepreneurs such as Thomas Cook.
· The European countries have indulged in a lot of business travel is often their colonies to buy raw materials and sell finished products.
· The invention of photography functioned value-adding tool and support for overseas travel.
· The formation of the first hotel chains; first by the railway companies who created the great railway terminus hotels.
· Seaside resorts began to develop a variety of images from the tourists, elite, gambling.
· Other types of destinations, ski resorts, hill stations, mountain climbing, etc.
· Technological developments spots steamships promoted travel between North America and Europe.
· The Suez Canal opened direct sea routes to India and the Far East.
· The cult of the guidebook followed the development of photography.
Tourism in the Twentieth Century
the first world war gave first-hand the country and a sense of curiosity aroused among less well-off sectors of the international travel for the first time. Large-scale migration to the US meant a lot to travel across the Atlantic. Private motoring began to encourage domestic travel in Europe and the west. Overlooking the sea, the resort has become an annual family holiday destination in Britain and the increased popularity of other countries in the West. Hotels in these destinations proliferated.
The birth of aviation and after
The wars increased interest in international travel. This interest was the form of mass tourism by the aviation industry. The additional aircraft and the growth of private airlines supported the expansion of air travel. The aircraft was convenient, faster and cheaper overseas travel constantly. With the introduction of the Boeing 707 in 1958, at the age of air travel for the masses they arrived. At the beginning of chartered flights boosted the package tour market and led to the creation of organized mass tourism. The Boeing 747, a 400-person boat, travel costs brought down sharply. The seaside resorts of the Mediterranean, North Africa and the Caribbean, the initial hot spots of mass tourism.
The corresponding growth in the hotel industry has led to the creation of a worldwide chain. Tourism also began to diversify, as people began to flock to alternative locations in the '70s. Nepal and India got the crowds of tourists lured Hare Krishna movement and transcendental meditation. At the beginning of each travel a considerable amount just happened in the '80s. Air travel has also led to a continuous growth in business travel, especially the appearance of the MNC.
Source by Sarvajeet Chandra